Cichlids include about 600 different species varying greatly in appearance; some are only a few centimetres long while others are up to 50 centimetres. They primarily live in freshwater, but a few genera live in brackish water. Cichlids are known for their unique care of offspring, as seen in the group of brood-in-mouth cichlids. Others secrete mucous on their body, which is eaten by the offspring.
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Bottom-living and free-swimming in tropical freshwater and brackish water. Pearl cichlids guard their offspring around a shelter where they can take refuge from predatory fish.
Bottom-living and free-swimming in subtropical freshwater.
Characteristics: Large, thick-lipped mouth. Dark colour with bright orange markings. Black around the orange areas.
Small fish, crustaceans, worms and insect larvae